Affandi (1907-1990; Cirebon, West Java) was a self-taught artist. From 1951-1956 he travelled throughout India, the United Kingdom, Holland Belgium, France, and Italy, he taught painting sculpture at the Akademi Seni Rupa Indonesia (ASRI, Indonesian Academy of Fine Arts) in Yogyakarta, Central Java. In 1973 The Museum Affandi was established on the grounds of his residence in Yogyakarta. Affandi's highly expressionistic and dynamic works have very thick applications of paint squeezed directly from the tube with color fields smeared by hand. Awards : Piagam Anugerah Seni (Indonesia, 1969), honorary doctorate (University of Singapore, 1974), Dag Hammarskjoeld, International Peace Prize (Florence, Italy, 1997), Bintang Jasa Utama (Indonesia, 1978). Collection: East-West Center (Honolulu, Hawaii). Exhibitions: Museum of Modern Art (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1966), East-West Center (Honolulu, 1988), Festival of Indonesia (U.S.A., 1990-1992), Gate Foundation (Amsterdam, Holland , 1993), Singapore Art Museum (1994), Centre for Strategic and International Studies (Jakarta, 1996) Indonesia-Japan Friendship festival (Morioka, Tokyo, 1997), ASEAN Masterworks (Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1997-1998).