Sindudarsono Sudjojono (1914-1985; Kisaran, North Sumatra) first studied from Javanese artist Mas Pringadi (1875-1936) and Japanese painter Chiyoyi Yazaki. In 1937 he helped to establish Persatuan Ahli-Ahli Gambar Indonesia (Persagi, Union of Indonesian Painters) and was its spokesman. He was a pionner in the development of modern Indonesian painting and encouraged artists to abandon the romantic colonial Mooi Indie (Beautiful Indies) style in favor of a national approach which showed the real Indonesian spirit. After his death his home in Jakarta became the Museum Padangwangi. His works often show simple villagers, old people, and difficult social condition. Award: Piagam Anugerah Seni (Indonesia, 1970), Exhibitions: Fukuoka Art Museum (Japan, 1980), Festival of Indonesia (U.S.A., 1990-1992), Gate Foundation (Amsterdam, Holland, 1993), Singapore Art Museum (1994), Center for Strategic and International Studies (Jakarta, Indonesia, 1996), ASEAN Masterworks (Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1997-1998).